Medical solutions are no longer simply in conventional doses of drugs. Scientist are looking into various other ways to deliver medical solutions to different ailments.Nanoparticles and microchips have joined the cause to treating diabetics in many parts of the world. Thanks to our unrelenting scientist who keep finding ways to improve our health solutions. They haven’t stopped at stem cells solutions and are yet advancing to the use of biotechnology and nanotechnology to provide treatments for diabetes.
Diabetes And Technology Treatments With Microchips A medication for severe Osteoporosis has been tested with an implanted microchip, and it has been working. Scientist chose the osteoporosis drug for the clinical trial because it is given in an injection.The injection is painful andhas to be taken daily, so there has been a problem of compliance with this medication. In their first trials, the doctors needed to use very small doses of the drug but the drug fit their needsThe tiny microchip was built such that it fitted with 20 wells. The medicine, which has been freeze-dried was put in the wells. And then the titanium chip is concealed with a special cover of gold nanoparticles.Nanoparticles are thousand times smaller than a human cell. The gold cover was engineered to melt off and give a dose when it is activated by a special signal.The microchips are attached to a receiver, the size of a pacemaker. And both are implanted in the patient’s body.The medicine is then released on a radio frequency command either from the lab or from the patient’s cellphone.All the women who took the clinical trial found that the medication worked beautifully.
Almost all of their medicines were released at the right time. And they found this new way of taking their medications both convenient and easy.Many of these women said they forgot the implant was in them and they led their normal lives with ease, not having to remember to take their injects daily.The only limitation to this new technology was that the microchip only held 20 doses of the medication. Forteo, the company who made the microchip then began to work on the implant to hold a 365 dose of the medication.This implant will work for other injectable that are not in too large doses. It won’t work for insulin because the amount of insulin to be injected is too large for the microchip.
Nanotechnology Vaccine Another technology developed to treat diabetes was the nanotech vaccine. Nanoparticles are given a protein coat which are then engineered to suppress the immune response of T-cells.T-cells fight bacteria that invade the body. But where there is an autoimmune disorder, the T-cells attack the body system instead of protecting it from bacteria.In type 1 diabetics, T-cells attack cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. So beta cells are speedily lost as the T-cells destroy them.The technology produced by scientist suppressed the autoimmune response of the T-cells without affecting the immune response in other parts of the body.Scientist carried out this research with mice that were injected with type 1 diabetes and then given the nanoparticle’s vaccine. They watched the vaccine reverse the diabetes and cured the mice.
This was the first time that suppressing an immune response in a part of the body does not affect the immune response of the other parts of the body. It was a huge breakthrough in medical discoveries for treatment of diseases. Technology was matching with the treatment of diseases.The nanoparticles technology is also in use in blood sugar detecting contact lenses and for nano-ink tattoos.Bioengineering E-coliScientist have also engineered bacterium like E-coli to produce other things for them while they alter them to be harmless. One of such things is GLP-1. This is a hormone that helps alpha and beta cells in the pancreas become more sensitive. So rather than have insulin resistance, the hormone triggers the production of insulin in the body.Scientist fed the bioengineered E-coli to mice that were injected with diabetes. In 80 days, the mice had recovered with normal blood glucose levels.
The company producing these bioengineered bacteria plan to include them in yogurts or snacks such that diabetics can have their pills without having to bother about needle injects and medications.Scientist have not ascertained whether this technological solution of administering bioengineered bacteria will produce the same result that was seen in mice in humans. It might take a while to actually find a yogurt medicated to cure diabetes. But we look forward to it.
Silicon Microneedle Kumetrix is a company that is developing a silicon microneedle to give daily shots of insulin medication to diabetes. The needles are as fine as human hair and may soon outrun microneedles.The market for medical companies in cutting edge medical technology and discoveries in diabetes is huge. In the U.S, 25.8million children and adults have diabetes. And there were 1.9 million new cases in people over 19years old in 2010.So we expect even more technological advances in medications.Since it is always safe to prevent rather than cure, let us maintain a healthy lifestyle -eat healthy and exercise regularly while we wait for the advances in technology that makes life a lot easier for us all.